Occupational safety and health is a broad, multidisciplinary field that frequently touches on matters relating to physiology, toxicology, ergonomics, physics, and chemistry, as well as technology, economics, law, and other areas particular to different industries and activities.
Despite the wide range of issues and pursuits, some fundamental ideas can be found, such as the following:
All workers have rights : Workers, employers, and governments all have a responsibility to safeguard these rights and work to create and preserve a work environment that is both decent and a decent place to work. To be specific
● Work should be done in a setting that is secure and health friendly
● Workplace circumstances should be respectful of workers’ rights and human dignity.
● Work should provide genuine opportunities for societal service, personal fulfilment, and success
Occupational Health and Safety Policies must be established :
Such regulations must be put into practise on a national (political) and corporate level. They need to be successfully shared with all parties involved.
Social Partners and Other Stakeholders must be consulted :
All policy, system, and programme development, execution, and evaluation should include this
Education and Training are vital components of safe healthy working environments :
Both employees and employers need to be informed of the necessity of creating safe working practises and how to do so. To handle the unique occupational safety and health concerns, trainers must receive training in areas that are particularly relevant to particular industries.
A crucial component of workplace health practise is health promotion :
The well-being of employees’ bodies, minds, and social lives must be improved
Policies must be enforced :
To ensure adherence to work safety and health regulations and other labour laws, an inspection system must be in place
Certain obligations, duties, and responsibilities are placed on employees, employers, and responsible authorities :
Employers must ensure safe workplaces and first aid access, for instance, and the responsible authorities must develop, disseminate, and routinely review and update occupational safety and health policies. Workers must also adhere to established safety procedures
Information is essential for the creation and execution of successful programmes and policies :
Establishing and enforcing effective policies relies heavily on the gathering and dissemination of precise information on risks and hazardous materials, workplace surveillance, tracking compliance with rules and best practices, and other related activities.